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Assessment Of Robot-assisted Mandibular Contouring Surgery In Comparison With Traditional Surgery: A Prospective, Single-center, Randomized Controlled Trial
Li Lin, MD, PhD, Haisong Xu, MD, PhD, Gang Chai, MD, PhD.
Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

PURPOSE:Few clinical studies on robot-assisted surgery (RAS) for mandibular contouring have been reported. The aim of this study was to follow the long-term effectiveness and safety of RAS for craniofacial bone surgery.
METHODS:This small-sample, early-phase, prospective, randomized controlled study included patients diagnosed with mandibular deformity requiring mandibular contouring surgery. Patients of both genders aged 18 to 30 years without complicated craniofacial repair defects were enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio by a permuted-block randomized assignments list generated by the study statistician. The primary outcomes were the positioning accuracy and accuracy of the osteotomy plane angle 1 week after surgery. Surgical auxiliary measurement index, patient satisfaction scale, surgical pain scale, perioperative period, and complications at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months after surgery were also analyzed.
RESULTS:One patient was lost to follow-up, resulting in a total of 14 patients in the traditional surgery group and 15 in the robot-assisted group (mean [standard deviation] age, 22.65 [3.60] years). Among the primary outcomes, there was a significant difference in the positioning accuracy (2.91 mm vs 1.65 mm; P < 0.01) and angle accuracy (13.26 vs 4.85; P < 0.01) between the 2 groups. Secondary outcomes did not significantly differ.
CONCLUSION:Compared to traditional surgery, robot-assisted mandibular contouring surgery showed improved precision in bone shaving, as well as higher safety.


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